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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

110,086
RESULTS


collections 5
texts 110,081
TOPIC
Science 6,994
Natural history 6,656
Botany 5,310
Flowers Seeds Catalogs 5,009
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs 4,644
Plants 4,557
Zoology 4,324
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs 3,954
Periodicals 3,154
Birds 3,049
Fruit Catalogs 2,851
Flowers Catalogs 2,692
Nurseries (Horticulture) Catalogs 2,228
Insects 2,137
Shrubs Catalogs 2,051
Entomology 2,013
Seeds Catalogs 1,993
Gardening Equipment and supplies Catalogs 1,867
Bulbs (Plants) Catalogs 1,842
Mollusks 1,821
Geology 1,725
Trees Seedlings Catalogs 1,598
Fruit trees Seedlings Catalogs 1,568
Fishes 1,468
Fisheries 1,411
Paleontology 1,367
Nurseries (Horticulture) 1,287
Gardening 1,283
Biology 1,276
Agriculture 1,203
Insect pests Control United States Periodicals 1,186
Grasses Seeds Catalogs 1,096
Trees Catalogs 1,026
Agricultural implements Catalogs 1,023
Nursery stock Catalogs 958
Fruit Seeds Catalogs 796
Seeds 791
Trees 750
Insect pests 739
1809-1884 738
Engelmann, George, 736
botany 729
Fishery resources 718
Fruit trees Catalogs 713
Flowers 707
Bulbs (Plants) Seeds Catalogs 698
Forests and forestry 698
Correspondence 696
Scientific expeditions 696
Horticulture 681
Roses Catalogs 675
Vegetables Catalogs 655
Letters 599
Lepidoptera 594
Ethnology 577
Nursery stock 577
Marine biology 561
Classification 510
Beetles 501
Fruit 474
Pictorial works 471
Mammals 468
Anatomy, Comparative 465
Ornithology 438
Oceanography 423
Seed industry and trade Catalogs 413
Bees 398
Animals 392
Shrubs 387
Strawberries Catalogs 385
Vegetables 382
Horses 376
genealogy 355
Shells 351
Horticulture Equipment and supplies Catalogs 349
Crustacea 347
Fruit-culture 346
Bulbs (Plants) 340
Beneficial insects 339
Plants, Ornamental, Catalogs 325
Trees Seeds Catalogs 318
Nursery stock New York (State) Catalogs 317
Poultry 315
Botanical specimens 312
Ornamental trees Catalogs 312
Gardening Catalogs 302
Fruit Seedlings Catalogs 299
Plants, Ornamental 299
Roses 297
North America 292
Smithsonian Institution 285
Marine animals 279
Nursery stock New York (State) New York Catalogs 279
Nursery stock Pennsylvania Philadelphia Catalogs 275
Microscopy 274
Hunting 268
Reptiles 259
Botanists 258
Medicine 258
Physiology 257
Horticulture Catalogs 253
Evolution 251
Nurseries (Horticulture) Iowa Shenandoah 246
Fruit trees 245
Cereal grasses Catalogs 241
Garden tools Catalogs 237
Plant diseases 236
Butterflies 234
Fishing 229
Fruit-culture Catalogs 225
Nursery stock Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 225
Plants Catalogs 224
Albatross (Steamer) 219
Fisheries -- United States 218
Early works to 1800 214
Invertebrates 213
Grasses 210
Vegetables, Seeds, Catalogs 210
Fungi 209
Plants, Ornamental Seeds Catalogs 207
Commercial catalogs Seeds 206
Marine Biology 205
Gardening United States Equipment and supplies Catalogs 204
Madagascar 202
Histology 201
Natural history -- Periodicals 198
Botany, Medical 197
Evergreens Catalogs 197
Flowers, Seeds, Catalogs 197
Animal behavior 196
Catalogs and collections 192
Fruit trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 187
Commercial catalogs 186
Science -- Societies, etc 185
Fruit, Catalogs 184
Seed industry and trade 184
Nurseries (Horticulture) New York (State) Catalogs 183
Catalogs 182
Amphibians 181
Sciences 179
Veterinary medicine 179
Science -- Periodicals 176
Wildlife conservation -- United States 176
Game and game-birds 174
Ichthyology 173
Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology 172
Plants, Cultivated 172
Graphic media : 171
Nurseries (Horticulture) Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 167
Poultry Equipment and supplies Catalogs 167
Pteridophyta 167
Flowers, Catalogs 165
Mollusks, Fossil 165
Algae 163
Ornamental shrubs Catalogs 161
Climbing plants Catalogs 159
Rose culture 158
Botanical gardens 157
Identification 157
Discoveries in science 155
Smithsonian Institution. Archives 155
Birds -- Periodicals 154
Embryology 154
United States 153
Cactaceae 151
Floriculture 151
Gardens 150
Mathematics 150
Fish trade 149
Microscopes 148
1810-1888 147
Nursery stock California Catalogs 147
Missouri Botanical Garden 145
Medicinal plants 144
Diptera 143
Gray, Asa, 143
Flowers Seeds Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 142
Phytogeography 142
Botany, Economic 141
Nursery stock Ohio Catalogs 141
John Lewis Childs (Firm) 140
Heredity 139
Forests and forestry United States Periodicals. 135
Grain Seeds Catalogs 134
Plants -- Classification 134
Natuurwetenschappen 133
Nursery stock New York (State) Rochester Catalogs 133
Anatomy 132
Berries Catalogs 132
Fruit trees Seeds Catalogs 132
Antarctica 131
Compositae 131
Pinaceae 131
Bacteriology 129
Forage plants 128
Nursery stock Pennsylvania Catalogs 128
Cactus Catalogs 127
Livestock 127
Humanities 126
Biologie 125
LANGUAGE
english 74,409
german 12,931
french 9,805
latin 2,091
undetermined 1,933
italian 1,897
spanish 1,159
dutch 1,003
chinese 970
swedish 787
SHOW DETAILS
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
7,249
ITEMS
3.2M
VIEWS
3.2M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
1,035
ITEMS
586,168
VIEWS
586,168
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
313
ITEMS
172,208
VIEWS
172,208
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
71,637
3
1
Includes bibliographies
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
33,953
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
28,511
7
3
Includes bibliography
( 3 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
25,943
52
5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
23,690
13
1
Includes bibliographical references and index
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
20,112
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
19,491
0
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
Topic: Poultry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Afanas'eva, I. N; Chibisova, O. I; Koziar, L. A
14,950
0
2
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Biology -- English, Biology -- Russian
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
14,203
3
0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
13,907
8
0
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
12,974
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
12,645
0
0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
12,424
1
1
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
11,403
1
0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
11,264
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Includes bibliographic references
( 2 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
10,934
1
0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Topic: Mink farming
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
10,835
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
10,829
0
0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
10,483
0
0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
10,372
3
0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
10,357
3
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
10,166
1
0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Source: London, UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
9,978
1
0
Topic: Botany
Topic: Culture Media
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
9,828
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
9,811
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
9,715
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
9,711
1
0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
9,656
1
0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,599
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
9,571
0
0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,497
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,479
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
9,199
4
1
Bibliography: p. 18
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
9,090
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topic: Biochemistry
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
8,956
1
2
Supersedes its Technical report no. 4: Shore protection, planning, and design
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Shore protection, Beach erosion, Coastal zone management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,945
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
8,937
0
0
Topics: Asia, India
Ernst Mayr Library, Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology
by Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique; yale de Belgique. Collection in-40; ©moires sur les questions proposées
8,924
0
0
Superseded in part by: Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-40, Mémoires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, and: M©moires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique....
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
8,850
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
8,739
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
8,728
0
1
Includes bibliographical references
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...
Two vols. bound together
Topic: Plants -- Cuba
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
8,682
0
0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
8,551
1
0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,526
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
8,473
1
0
Bibliography: p. 889-904
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
8,466
0
0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Botanischer Verein, Munich; Botaniska sällskapet, Stockholm; Association internationale des botanistes; Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft
8,442
0
0
Includes section "Neue Literatur" (earlier, "Literatur") which forms a separate vol., 1902-19 (v. 91, 94, 97, 100, etc.)
Topics: Botany, Botany
Journal move 1991
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
8,434
3
2
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975
8,402
0
0
Topics: Microscopy -- Technique, Microscopes -- Technique, Diagnosis, Laboratory, Microscopy, Technology,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
8,326
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history